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Users Online: Seroprevalence rates and awareness of hepatitis B and C viral infections among pregnant antenatal women attending the state specialist hospital Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Table 1: Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen in relation to the age groups of the individuals Click here to view. Conclusion and Recommendation. Related articles Awareness hepatitis B virus hepatitis C virus pregnant antenatal women prevalence.

Access Statistics. Materials and Me Conclusion and R This was in line with similar study conducted in Deder hospital AOR 9. Although high But it agreed with the study done in Egypt [ 38 ]. Transfusion-transmissible infectious agents such as HBV, HCV, HIV and syphilis are among the greatest threats to blood safety for transfusion recipients and pose a serious public health problem.

Accordingly, pregnant mothers with history of blood transfusion were 6. A similar picture was observed in previous studies conducted in Pakistan , in Kano State of Nigeria and Egypt [ 39 - 41 ].

One possible justification could be contamination arise from HCWs itself or failure in following aseptic procedure during transfusion at health facility level or transfusion of HBV infected blood due to failure of screening of the donated blood at testing sites. Out of these mothers 16 Accordingly, pregnant mothers with history of circumcision were 4. The finding is in line with Ethiopia reported HIV prevalence of 5. Similarly, out of the seventeen HIV positive pregnant mothers, 8 There are other reports that documented similar findings in Ethiopia [ 20 ]. The major justification for the observed association and simultaneous appearance of HBV and HIV might be explained by their nature of sharing similar mode of transmission.

Epidemiology and Prevention of Hepatitis B Virus Infection

In contrary, the study in Dessei reported no significant association between sero-prevalence of HBV and HIV status of the women [ 19 ]. Although significant association was not observed in multivariate analysis, pregnant mothers who had one or more history of abortion and those who had experienced multiple sexual practice had higher infection rate and were associated in the crude odd ratio. This finding is in contrary to previous studies in Bishoftu and Dessei Referral hospital which documented a reverse phenomenon.

But our finding is similar in the case of a study at Shashemene that having multiple sex partners was not significantly associated with HBV infection [ 35 ]. The sero-prevalence of HBV infection among pregnant mothers in the study area was comparatively higher, which indicates hyperendemicity and high nature of the infection. Although association was not significant when adjusted with other variables, in the crude analysis pregnant mothers who experienced multiple sexual practice, who had tattooing, history of previous surgery and abortion showed significant association with sero-positivity of HBsAg.

Changes in the Prevalence of HBsAg and HBeAg: a Study of 8696 Parturients in a Well Vaccinated Area

All processes started after safe and sound written permission obtained from Dire Dawa Regional Health Bureau, head of the health facilities and participated pregnant mothers. The authors are grateful to the study participants, data collectors and health facility authorities. Robel Mekonnen was major contributor designed the study, participated in the data collection, analysis, interpretation and write-up, drafted the manuscript and critically revised the manuscript. Dawit Admasu and Meseret Belete participated in the study design, interpretation and write-up.

Understanding Hepatitis B Serology Results

All authors read and approved the final manuscript. This study was supported by Dire Dawa University, Ethiopia. J Med Microb Diagn 7: DOI: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language. Home Publications Conferences Register Contact. Guidelines Upcoming Special Issues.

Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal. Study area This study was conducted in public health facilities found in Dire Dawa Administration. Study design and period Facility based cross-sectional study design was employed to determine the sero-prevalence of HBV infection among pregnant mothers in Dire-Dawa health facilities between January to March Sample size determination The total sample size of pregnant women for the study was calculated based on single proportion formula by taking the highest prevalence of HBV infection 8.

Intermediate Endemicity

Sampling technique First five public health facilities found in Dire-Dawa Administration were selected by lottery methods. Data collection methods A face to face interview using pre-tested structured questionnaires was administered among pregnant women at the end of their ANC follow-up. Specimen collection and processing About 5 ml of venous blood was collected from each participant.

Data quality control Assigned data collectors were trained health professionals clinical nurse who had at least one-year work experience. Data analysis After checking for completeness, the collected data were first entered and cleaned using EpI data version 3.

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